Caesarea Maps & Plans: Hypocaust & Furnace

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In 1990, Netzer and a Hebrew University team returned to the site with Kathryn Gleason, Barbara Burrell and a group of 20 student volunteers under the sponsorship of the University of Pennsylvania. The season produced important new additions to the 1976 discoveries, consisting primarily of evidence for the development of the east range during the Roman period. Excavations that season revealed that, in the Roman period, the triclinium and its rooms were provided with a small caldarium, whose hypocaust and furnace were well-preserved. A tile used in the furnace bears the stamp of the Tenth Legion Fretensis.

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Excavations in the hypocaust, looking west onto the Pool. Pilae are visible on the floor.

The hypocaust after excavation

View of the furnace